google-site-verification: googleeed32d256193c501.html Launch of new Simorgh satellite-launcher within the framework of international law - تیتربرتر - تیتر آخرین و جدیدترین اخبار ایران و جهان
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دوشنبه، 2 مهر 1397 - 11:23   
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ادامه آخرین اخبار
- اندازه متن: + -  کد خبر: 59043صفحه نخست » English contents of Titr-e-Sobh magazineپنجشنبه، 26 مرداد 1396 - 18:09
Launch of new Simorgh satellite-launcher within the framework of international law
The Launch of new Simorgh satellite-launcher into space and space experiments of I.R.I. is within the framework of international law and also in the direction of public interest and serving human society.
  
 
There is no doubt in today's world and in people's view who still observe the effects of Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombing, the attempt for implementing and developing unconventional military weapons is considered illegitimate. The global view of Islam also confirms the principle which the Supreme Leader has already explained it
 
But despite this clear expression, unfortunately, we evidence that the hands of violent and unpopular tide in the Western part of the world, connected to the atomic weapons and unconventional arsenals, even from Hiroshima and Nagasaki to Sabra and Shatila, by participation in the most brutal and bloodshed arenas of contemporary history use of unconventional weapons, is drowned in the blood of millions of civilians, is attempting to arm the new and improved industrial knowledge and technologies with the production of unconventional weapons by means of a political manipulation, and at a later stage, the probability of using these hypothetical and virtualized weapons, although non-atomic and being deployed in defensive areas, bring scientific reasons to impose cowardly sanctions against its rivals
 
Hence now, we observe that this tide, in facing the scientific and industrial progress of the Islamic Republic of Iran, is trying to stop the progresses with tools of ambiguities and odds of constraint, while so far they have not been able to take any further action in implementing various and esp. economic cowardice sanctions, by targeting basic principle interests of people
 
First and foremost, these actions have cast doubt on their honesty, even within the framework of defining their desirable principles for preventing proliferation of mass destruction weapons, which undoubtedly is counted as a major threat to the global security control in the future
 
In these days instead of economics parameters, a new business model based on commercial interests is being imposed in the management structure discussable in the Middle East and the world, in the context of the space that is being sought with some of the adventurous actions of the new White House tenants; Suspicious measures are taken to use the tool of universal humanitarian law and to promote advanced sciences
 
Its objective case is to put on the agenda the impose of new unilateral sanctions of the United States of America against the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Russia Federation in the capacity of opponents to the new US actions in the region, that has been affected despite the opposition of European friends, and in pursuit to that, there are now suspicious and vague whispers of The White House in confronting with the new Islamic Republic's scientific and space research experiments, that is ironically included as the former scientific activities in this field while the space agency of the country launched a multi-stage satellite rocket into space. These negative efforts are a threat to the security of the region and the world, as if it seems that, in the context of these ambiguous positions, a tide is in effort to create tension with this pretext for the I.R.I. instead of bringing peace to the recent atmosphere of the region and the world. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the security of the region and the world before the activation of potential threats, and the thinkers, experts and lawyers may take into consideration their global consequences in the near future
 
In the framework of the above mentioned items of the Simorgh satellite launcher, that has been launched from the Hazrat Imam Khomeini's newly built space station to the space and the Tolu satellite with its telecommunications and geographic application, some issues are disclosed for clarification
 
The Simorgh satellite launcher has the power to settle more than one satellite, weighing about 100 kilograms, through the 500 orbit kilometers of the earth. This satellite launcher is powered by four 32 tons combined motors, named as Safir, which previously unveiled on February 14, 2009, during the Islamic Republic of Iran's National Space Technology Day, and earlier, these engines have been deployed in sending Fajr, Omid ans Rasad satellites. Now the Simorgh satellite, with a cluster combination of these four engines, has an upgraded propulsion force of 128 tons which due to its ability of power increasing, can be used in satellite launchers with more power with a weight of 700 kilograms to settle satellites through one thousand kilometers orbit of the earth. and this proves the possibility for performing more experiments in the future as well
 
Considering these factors, it can be observed that, although the Simorgh satellite has no dissimilarities in design, structure and mission with the Iran's previous satellite launchers and missiles, and is still in continuation of the past and approved activities of the Iran's missile industry; four general issues in this part of Iran's missile activities clarifies the intentional and ambiguous whispers facing Iran's missile programs
 
Firstly, Simorgh is not the first space launching of the I.R.Iran and not the last one
 
From this perspective, according to the statement of the article no14 of the I.R.Iran in response to the 2231 Resolution, which Iran has also accepted and explicitly states: The I.R.I. missiles are not designed to carry nuclear warheads. This launch is in continuation of the previous launching before reaching the JCAP and resolution, and is tracking the past activities of the missile industry and is supposed to serve the aerospace potentials to scientists in their research relation with space and out of atmosphere variables alongside future estimated launches. These actions do track scientific activities with non-military aims and by relying on domestic science and technology, perhaps the outcomes of which, are evaluated useful to human society, and they are not only inappropriate and ambiguous but deserve to be complimented. Therefore, the obvious and vulnerable sensitivity are not acceptable in this instance
 
Secondly, this satellite was built in the aerospace industry of the Islamic Republic, based on internal capabilities at all stages of design and construction, and after reaching the JCAP, no purchases have been made from overseas. Hence the limitations expressed by the United Nations in Resolution 2231 has no direct relation with the JCAP and even it has been stated in the footnotes of the resolution:
 
"The provisions of this resolution do not include provisions of the JCAP"; no violation is noted from this point of view, even though restrictions have been expressed in the resolution is not mandatory for the indigenous activities of Iran's missile industry and only applies to the development of sensitive missile technology from overseas. Therefore, the whole process of designing and producing of this satellite is out of the scope of Appendix B, paragraph 4 according to which the countries of the world have been banned from trading missiles commodities and technologies with Iran and are obligated to work within eight years in accordance with the MTCR treaty (some countries have ratified and signed the treaty to control missile technology)
 
Thirdly, in paragraph 3 of Appendix B of Resolution 2231, the United Nations Security Council has been asked from Iran to refrain from designing ballistic missiles for carrying nuclear warheads and such activities during the eight years after accepting the JCAP. But considering that basically the structure of ballistic missiles is different from the satellite launchers that are used outside the atmosphere due to their curved path and their special design in return to Earth and also as noted in Article No.14 of the I.R. Iran in response to the 2231 resolution, it is clear that the United Nations considers Iran previous activities of missile industry free from deploying  nuclear warheads  in the design phase, and in the same way considers all the missiles parallel to the Iran's previous defense missile and satellite launchers exempt from the qualification of JCAP and resolution 2231. As a result, there is no reason to take inimically position against the Islamic Republic of Iran
 
Fourthly, the launch of the Simorgh satellite from the Imam Khomeini Space Center (inside the country), which states that, in addition to the construction process, all the equipment, and the process of launching and satellite launcher control, after reaching the JCAP treaty, have not entered the country and has a native technology that is now in control of the aerospace industry scientists of the country. Therefore, the probable sensitivities are not confirmed from this perspective
 
According to these analysis, the launch of the new Simorgh satellite into the space and space experiments of Iran under international law is in the framework of public interest and serves the human community, and hence the entry into this arena is indisputable rights of the scientists and citizens of each country, including Iranians, and cannot be considered any legitimate monopoly in the course of space activities. Creating restrictions for the Islamic Republic of Iran in the development of space research and satellite launchers is an obstacle to Iran's progress in space science, therefore, all doubts and ambiguities in this tide are considered to be illegal and vulnerable.
 
Engineer Tohid Shoti, Air-Space Specialist & Economic and Political Issues Analyst
 
 

 

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